The vision of Pakistan does not only lies in history but it also forms a part of our national life. Crescent and star on the national flag is an Islamic symbol signifying progress, enlightenment and knowledge. Even the national anthem reflects Jinnah’s vision of Pakistan aspiring for a destiny that is strong and shining, a land that is pure, resolve, leading the way to progress and perfection, glorifying the past and present.
1. Chaudhary Rahmat Ali, while a student at Cambridge University issued a pamphlet in 1933 entitled ‘Now or Never’ supporting the idea of partition of India and suggesting a name of ‘Pakistan-meaning land of pure’ for the separate Muslim nation. According to him, the word Pakistan was composed in the following manner: Punjab, Afghania (North-West Frontier Province), Kashmir, Iran, Sindh (including Karachi and Kathiawar), Tukharistan, Afghanistan, and BalochistaN.
2. Indian National Congress was the political party representing the Hindus of India. It was formed in 1885 by Allan Octavian Hume, a retired British Official.
3. The British Government announced to hold elections to the provincial legislatives assemblies in 1936-37. Congress got clear majority and as a result Congress ministries were sworn in. Congress rule was extremely crucial in the history of Hindu-Muslim relations as it fully projected Hindu racism and anti-Muslim policies.
4. Jinnah during a Presidential address at Patna in 1938 of a session of Muslim League spoke in detail about the attitude of Congress during its rule to prove that the party is not a national body of India.
5. Quaid-e-Azam means Great Leader. The title was given to Jinnah in 1938 during the Muslim League’s session at Patna by Mian Feroz-ud-Din Ahmad, the Municipal Councilor of Lahore.
6. Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born on 25th December 1876 in Karachi. He was an eminent lawyer, a practical politician, a gifted orator, a sound statesman and the architect of the nation of Pakistan. He joined Muslim League in 1913 that later strengthened the Muslims struggle for freedom. He died in 1948 only a year after he created Pakistan.
7. It was the first time in the December of 1937 at Lacknow that Jinnah made a public appearance dressed in sherwani or achkan, tight pajamas and his trademark karakuli cap. Source: india-today.com/itoday/millennium/100people/jinnah.html
8. Jinnah married Ruttie (Ruttan Bai), the only daughter of Bombay Parsi industrialist, Sir Dinshaw Petit in 1918 in Bombay.
9. Muhammad Iqbal was born in 1877 at Sialkot. He was a prominent poet, philosopher, scholar, lawyer, politician and above all the ideologue of Pakistan. Iqbal is the National Poet of Pakistan. He died in 1938.
10. All India Muslim League was the political party representing the Muslims of India. It was formed in 1906 by Nawab Salim Ullah Khan and Nawab Viquar-ul-Mulk.
11.In May 1857, Indian natives rose in rebellion against the Britishers and marched towards Delhi. Bahadur Shah-II was made the emperor. But the liberation forces were defeated and Delhi was occupied. This rebellion is recorded in history as War of Independence 1857. The war ended in 1858 and brought calamity for the Muslims. As the English launched a mass scale campaign of atrocities against the natives especially Muslims who they held responsible for the uprising.
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Ameera Kamal is Islamabad based research writer with a Masters degree in Anthropology from Quaid-e-Azam University, Pakistan. Ameera has flair for writing & research, taste for arts (performing & fine arts) and love for nature. She is deeply concerned about the socio-political scenario in her country in particular and in the region in general. Ameera is a strong advocate of global peace, humanitarian rights, feminism, animal rights and environmental protection. Her major areas of interest include, gender and women development, social and women rights, history and culture, education and health.