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he offer, announced Monday, comes as Amazon seeks to speed up its shipping time from two days to one for its Prime members. The company sees the new incentive as a way to get more packages delivered to shoppers’ doorsteps more quickly.The new employee incentive is part of a program Amazon started a year ago that let anyone apply to launch an independent Amazon delivery business and provided $10,000 in reimbursements to military veterans.But Amazon is still far posing a threat to UPS and FedEx, says Beth Davis-Sramek, a supply chain management professor at Auburn University.
The vision of Pakistan does not only lies in history but it also forms a part of our national life. Crescent and star on the national flag is an Islamic symbol signifying progress, enlightenment and knowledge. Even the national anthem reflects Jinnah’s vision of Pakistan aspiring for a destiny that is strong and shining, a land that is pure, resolve, leading the way to progress and perfection, glorifying the past and present.
1. Chaudhary Rahmat Ali, while a student at Cambridge University issued a pamphlet in 1933 entitled ‘Now or Never’ supporting the idea of partition of India and suggesting a name of ‘Pakistan-meaning land of pure’ for the separate Muslim nation. According to him, the word Pakistan was composed in the following manner: Punjab, Afghania (North-West Frontier Province), Kashmir, Iran, Sindh (including Karachi and Kathiawar), Tukharistan, Afghanistan, and BalochistaN.
2. Indian National Congress was the political party representing the Hindus of India. It was formed in 1885 by Allan Octavian Hume, a retired British Official.
3. The British Government announced to hold elections to the provincial legislatives assemblies in 1936-37. Congress got clear majority and as a result Congress ministries were sworn in. Congress rule was extremely crucial in the history of Hindu-Muslim relations as it fully projected Hindu racism and anti-Muslim policies.
4. Jinnah during a Presidential address at Patna in 1938 of a session of Muslim League spoke in detail about the attitude of Congress during its rule to prove that the party is not a national body of India.
5. Quaid-e-Azam means Great Leader. The title was given to Jinnah in 1938 during the Muslim League’s session at Patna by Mian Feroz-ud-Din Ahmad, the Municipal Councilor of Lahore.
6. Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born on 25th December 1876 in Karachi. He was an eminent lawyer, a practical politician, a gifted orator, a sound statesman and the architect of the nation of Pakistan. He joined Muslim League in 1913 that later strengthened the Muslims struggle for freedom. He died in 1948 only a year after he created Pakistan.
7. It was the first time in the December of 1937 at Lacknow that Jinnah made a public appearance dressed in sherwani or achkan, tight pajamas and his trademark karakuli cap. Source: india-today.com/itoday/millennium/100people/jinnah.html
8. Jinnah married Ruttie (Ruttan Bai), the only daughter of Bombay Parsi industrialist, Sir Dinshaw Petit in 1918 in Bombay.
9. Muhammad Iqbal was born in 1877 at Sialkot. He was a prominent poet, philosopher, scholar, lawyer, politician and above all the ideologue of Pakistan. Iqbal is the National Poet of Pakistan. He died in 1938.
10. All India Muslim League was the political party representing the Muslims of India. It was formed in 1906 by Nawab Salim Ullah Khan and Nawab Viquar-ul-Mulk.
11.In May 1857, Indian natives rose in rebellion against the Britishers and marched towards Delhi. Bahadur Shah-II was made the emperor. But the liberation forces were defeated and Delhi was occupied. This rebellion is recorded in history as War of Independence 1857. The war ended in 1858 and brought calamity for the Muslims. As the English launched a mass scale campaign of atrocities against the natives especially Muslims who they held responsible for the uprising.
1. AS Akbar. Jinnah, Pakistan & Islamic Identity: The Search for Saladin. Oxford University Press. Karachi: 1997.
2. Ch M Ali. The Emergence of Pakistan. University of the Punjab Publishers. Lahore: 1988.
3. SM Burke, S Quraishi. Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah: His Personality & His Politics. Oxford University Press. Karachi: 1997.
4. TM Dogar. Pakistan Affairs: Past & Present. Tariq & Brothers Publishers. Lahore: 1994.
5. SA Ghafoor. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah: His Life & Ideals. Ferozsons (Pvt.) Ltd. Lahore: 2005.
6. J Iqbal. The Legacy of Quaid-e-Azam. Ferozsons (Pvt.) Ltd. Lahore: 1967.
7. Syed SH Kadri. Creation of Pakistan. Wajidalis Publishers. Lahore: 1982.
8. M Mir. Iqbal. Iqbal Academy Pakistan. Lahore: 2006.
9. MS Mir. Iqbal: The Progressive. Mustafa Waheed Publishers. Lahore: 1990.
10. IH Qureshi. The Muslim Community of the Indo-Pakistan Subcontinent. Ma’aref Ltd. Publishers. Karachi: 1977.
11. IH Qureshi. The Struggle for Pakistan. University of Karachi Publishers. Karachi: 1987.
12. KB Sayeed. The Poltical System of Pakistan. Queen’s University Publishers. Kingston: 1966.
13. KA Shafique. Iqbal: An Illustrated Biography. Iqbal Academy Pakistan. Lahore: 2005.
14. M Siddiqui, TK Gilani. Essays on Quaid-e-Azam. Shahzad Publishers. Lahore: 1976.
15. K Sultana. Allama Muhammad Iqbal as a Politician (1926-1938). National Book Foundation. Islamabad: 1998.
Ameera Kamal is Islamabad based research writer with a Masters degree in Anthropology from Quaid-e-Azam University, Pakistan. Ameera has flair for writing & research, taste for arts (performing & fine arts) and love for nature. She is deeply concerned about the socio-political scenario in her country in particular and in the region in general. Ameera is a strong advocate of global peace, humanitarian rights, feminism, animal rights and environmental protection. Her major areas of interest include, gender and women development, social and women rights, history and culture, education and health.
Pakistan is called the “Front line State” in the War against Terror. There are number of occasions, which have raised the issue of Pakistan sincere role in the war.
Before commenting on the sincerity of Pakistan it will be better to understand the role of Pakistan in the War against Terror. Pakistan is sharing the largest border with Afghanistan. Traditionally both the countries never enjoyed good relations. The role of Pakistan in Afghanistan is very old and important. Pakistan has always tried to have good relations with Afghanistan in order to fully concentrate on its border with India. This role was further increased in 1970’s when former Soviet Union sent troops to Afghanistan on the request of then Afghan Communist Government. It was at that time that USA along with the Western allies and Middle Eastern partners came to Pakistan. They came in different forms. Some gave money, some gave equipments, some provided manpower and some just supported politically.
The situation in Afghanistan forced former Soviet Union to pull out. It was sweet revenge of Vietnam for the US. At that point Pakistan expected continued support but everyone showed their back and Pakistan was left alone with burning Afghanistan.
Since Pakistan’s national interests demanded its stay in Afghanistan therefore it supported nearly every regime at Kabul. When Taliban came on the scene it was only Pakistan, which continued its consulate and ambassador at Kabul. Further it also allowed Taliban ambassador in Islamabad. The whole world was trying to change the stance of Pakistan but no one was successful. Pakistan even spoiled its relations with Iran.
After 9/11 all of a sudden the whole world started praising Pakistan. It became front line state and the world was expecting Pakistan to act as they wished. What the whole world community forgot was that for more than a decade Pakistan was helping Afghanistan. The world community forgot both the countries and then all of a sudden they remembered that Pakistan is important in this war.
Pakistan is important for the US and NATO because it provides the shortest supply route via sea to Afghanistan. Trade via sea is only possible through Pakistan. USA cannot opt for Iran as the relations are worst between the two and secondly the route via Iran is long.
Pakistan has infrastructure and military set up to support USA and NATO. Its army is trained and can fight in the terrain, which for most of NATO personal is alien. Additionally Pakistan has links with Taliban leadership. All these factors combine and make Pakistan an important partner in the war against terror.
Now coming to the issue of sincerity of Pakistan. It is an obvious fact that every state has its own national interest. Pakistan wants an active role for those who have soft corner for Pakistan. USA denied this by installing a puppet government which is hostile to Pakistan. This forced Pakistan policy makers to change their policy. They cannot afford to see current hostile elements against Pakistan as victors. Naturally Pakistan will go for other options and will not do as USA wants.
Pakistan is always wary of the Indian role in Afghanistan. In order to please India USA and particularly its Western allies are encouraging India to have active role in Afghanistan. Officially Pakistan has protested on several occasions but it was not taken seriously. This attitude of West forced Pakistan to play the game according to its own set of rules and not according to the wishes of others.
Pakistan has evidences of other countries involvement in the terror incidents inside Pakistan. Many states are supporting terrorists to fight against Pakistan. Officially or unofficially Pakistan had to send signals to these states but things are none the less same. The states involved have their own agendas and their own axe to grind. This also forced Pakistan to revise it strategy in the current war on terror.
If someone is blaming Pakistan for not doing enough the person must be very simple or ignoring the national interests of Pakistan. Every country in the world is promoting its own national interests. It is true for all and if Pakistan is doing so no person or state can stop Pakistan from doing so.
It will be better for the US to listen carefully to the concerns of Pakistan. This will help in building confidence and trust. Pakistan has very little to lose it is for the US to act in rational and prudent manner in order to get maximum out of this situation. Instead of blaming Pakistan the policy makers at the Washington should look at the ways in which the national interests of the US and Pakistan do not collide otherwise the question of sincerity will remain.
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A Czech woman attempting to board a flight to Abu Dhabi was caught in possession of nine kilograms of heroin at Lahore airport on Wednesday, Pakistan Customs officials said.Authorities begun raiding different parts of the Lahore based on the information provided by the arrested woman.The woman, travelling to Ireland was caught by Customs officials after successfully passing through two Anti-Narcotics Force (ANF) checking points at LHR airport.
KASUR: Protests broke out in Kasur on Wednesday after reports that body of an eight years old minor girl, who went missing last week, has been found dumped in a trash pile.
Two people are reported killed during the clashes with police.
Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif has taken notice of the incident and has sought report from the Inspector General Punjab Police. #JusticeForZainab hashtag has become top Twitter trend in Pakistan.Former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Asif Zardari, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf chairman Imran Khan and others also condemned the incident .